ADHD and Hyperactivity

ADHD and hyperactivity, also known as "hyperactive-impulsive ADHD", is a commonly diagnosed form of ADHD. It is different from the other forms of this disease primarily because the predominant symptom is Hyperactivity with or without Impulsivity. Inattentiveness, if present, is minimal. For many persons with ADHD all symptoms are present which is represented in the initials including Attention Deficit, as well as Hyperactivity.

Diagnosis Guidelines

When diagnosing Hyperactive ADHD, doctors use the general guideline that the patient displays six or more symptoms of hyperactivity including forms of Impulsivity with fewer than 6 symptoms of inattentiveness. It is more common to find that six or more signs of both Hyperactivity and Inattentiveness are present leading to a diagnosis of combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive ADHD.

Symptoms of this Form of ADHD

Symptoms of ADHD and hyperactivity are more commonly noticed than those of their counterpart. They tend to be more recognizable because they involve more disruptive type behaviors than those of a child or adult suffering from inattentiveness - whether it is at school, at home, at work, or during sports or club activities. Of course it is important to look for and rule out if there are any signs or symptoms of inattentiveness. Signs of ADHD and Hyperactivity include:

  • Excessive fidgeting or squirming. People who do this are usually anxious and unable to relax. The movements will be frequent and seem restless or uneasy.

  • Being overly talkative. Someone who speaks in an irrational, repetitive, and without restraint manner.

  • Speaking rapidly. When speaking, it is very often impossible to understand what is being said by the person because they speak at such a hurried pace, often omitting letters in words or even words in sentences.

  • Having the need to be in constant motion. Someone who displays this symptom will seem like they are always on the go, getting up and down frequently or bouncing from one thing to another quickly.

  • Have difficulty when doing quiet tasks or activities. Making noises, talking or being unusually fidgety during times when these things are frowned upon.

  • Restlessness. Pacing back and forth, becoming distracted easily, or engaging in repetitive motions could all be signs of this.

  • Constant search for adventures, enjoyment, and stimulus. In children this could be participating in activities that they can be noticed negatively, appearing to be needing attention. In adults this could be activities such as gambling, drugs or alcohol, or other such activities that cause adrenaline rushes.

  • Oversensitive to remarks and disapproval. Easily being offended or getting feelings hurt. Often seeming like they wear their heart on their sleeve.

Behaviors, such as these, tend to be noticed more significantly due to the extreme difference between these actions and those of a normally functioning person - they stand out from the crowd, sometimes negatively. The symptoms occur frequently and usually on a daily basis which is what makes them distinguishable from normal human behaviors.

Signs of Impulsivity

A person with ADHD and hyperactivity often shows signs of impulsivity. This can be seen in habits of making decisions with little thought about the possible negative outcomes. These symptoms include but are not limited to:

  • Frequently interrupting conversations
  • Consistently making inappropriate or unrelated comments
  • Having the inclination to speak without thinking
  • Being impatient, hurried, and feeling like there's never enough time
  • Have difficulty waiting for things they want or waiting their turn
  • Showing emotions without restraint
  • Disregarding consequences when acting or speaking

All of the above symptoms contribute to make functioning in daily living settings very difficult for someone with ADHD. Others around them may become frustrated and misconceive the reasoning behind what can appear as annoying behaviors. It is important to remember that this person is usually unaware of their actions and is not doing so intentionally, but due to the condition they themselves struggle to control.

ADHD and hyperactivity clearly can have a dramatic impact on not only those who experience it first hand, but also on anyone involved in the lives of those who suffer from it. It is a constant battle to maintain normalcy, but luckily can be kept under control by accessing various forms of treatment.

› ADHD and Hyperactivity

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